Nobody can deny the fact that an extensive command over English language is the need of the hour, but many people develop the fear of English just because of difficult words that appear recurrently in newspapers and magazines-hindering the smooth reading process. Even though a sincere reader refers the dictionary several times but the retention of new and difficult words is the biggest challenge.
Various psychological researches have proved that new information is well retained by our brains if it is associated with some previous information. So in VoLT, we have tried to associate difficult but important English words with normal life events, funny stories, pictures and other self tested highly effective techniques which will surely help the reader to learn and retain while enjoying the whole process. Audio Pronunciation, Synonyms, Antonyms and various Usages have also been provided along with each word.
highly excited by eagerness, curiosity, anticipation
Agog sounds like 'Gog (Goggles)'. I got agog by seeing a gog (goggles) on a dog.
The news has chemists agog Her supporters were agog at the idea.
seclusion, isolation, a place where monks or nuns live
The word cloister sounds like 'closed oyster'. Imagine a closed oyster with a pearl inside it. The pearl is secluded/isolated from the outside world. So, cloister means isolation or seclusion.
confined, monastery, religious residence
They left the cloister and wandered in search of food.
wickedness, malicious fun, mischief, black magic
The word devilry seems to be derived from the word 'devil'. It means evil and wickedness.
Children always get into some devilry in schools. The superstitious villagers were quick to attribute an unexpected occurrence to devilry.
knowledge acquired by study, research, learning, scholarship.
The word erudition sounds like 'every edition'. Imagine a person who has read every edition of every book and magazine. He must be very knowledgeable. So, erudition means learning and knowledge.
I hope that her erudition and legal background will have made her more open minded and secular in outlook. These were no ordinary tasks; each element of Kalam's work required considerable erudition.
an excessively greedy eater, insatiable, very eager for something
The word glutton can be memorised as 'glucose tonne'. Imagine a person who can drink glucose in tonnes. He must be a glutton.
eater, feeder, gourmand
who eats very less
He is a glutton for adventure. His sales are big and he's a glutton for work.
common, ordinary, dull, banal, unimaginative
The word mundane sounds similar to 'Monday'. After enjoying the holiday of Sunday, the employee of a company is unwilling to go to office. He says, "Now again Monday. These dull and boring assignments". So, mundane means dull, banal, ordinary.
quotidian, workaday, routine, ordinary, everyday
heavenly, unworldly, extraordinary
I fear that my conclusions may appear trivial and mundane. You have been assigned with a mundane task of scheduling appointments. He was seeking a way out of his mundane, humdrum existence.
burdensome, troublesome, involving obligations or responsibilities
The word onerous can be memorized as 'Owner Rush'. Our owner is such a troublesome person that we rush away on seeing him. 'Our owner is very onerous'. So, onerous means burdensome and troublesome.
cumbersome, demanding, weighty
easy, facile, effortless
Some jobs requires a great amount of energy and pay a very small return. Those can be called as onerous jobs. The child found his duties increasingly onerous. Child labour becomes quite onerous for children.
filled with horror or shock
The word aghast can be memorised as 'a ghost'. After seeing a horror movie, everyone was aghast. So, aghast means filled with horror.
afraid, dismayed, appalled, shocked
When the news about the terrorist attack came out, they were aghast.
irritable, bad tempered, fractious, irascible
The word petulant can be memorised as 'pet you lent'. One of my friends wanted to have a pet. So, I lent him my dog as a pet. After some days that friend of mine called me up and complained, 'The pet you lent is very irritable and bad tempered. It always tries to bite me'. So, petulant means 'bad tempered and irritable'.
peckish,cranky,ill-natured, fractious, peevish
accommodating, amenable, compliant, genial
He was moody and quite petulant. A petulant passenger tossed a piece of luggage at him. A petulant shake of the head annoyed me.
to deprive of force or strength, destroy the vigour of, weaken
The word enervate sounds like 'energy waste'. So, enervate means deprivation of force.
debilitate, devitalize, enfeeble, exhaust, jade
strengthen, revive, bolster
I was enervated due to excessive exercising. Experts suggest that a sound sleep is essential to remove enervation caused by the day's work.
intoxicated, heavily drunk
The word inebriated sounds like in a 'brew'ated situation. Brew is related to drinks and alcohol. So, inebriated is used for a person who is heavily drunk.
drunken, boozy, tipsy
Driving should be avoided in an inebriated condition. Fatal mine accidents are often caused by crude explosives handled by inexperienced or inebriated miners. Nowadays, parties end up in an inebriated crowd and a big bill.
the highest point, summit, peak
The word acme sounds like the famous cosmetics brand 'Lakme'. After applying Lakme, her beauty rises to its acme. So, acme means the highest point.
apex, zenith, apogee
nadir, bottom, base
The empire was at the acme of its power. Physics is the acme of scientific knowledge. Bruce Lee represented the acme of excellence in martial arts.
erase or remove completely, wipe out, efface
The word expunge sounds like 'sponge'. Now a days, a magical sponge is available in the market that can erase every stain from your wall. So, expunge means to wipe out or to efface.
take out, delete
It would be wrong to expunge these atrocities from the record of history. After a bad break up, I am trying to expunge those memories. I have expunged that period from my CV. I had the charge expunged from my criminal record.
abundance, plenty, profusion, fullness, completeness
The word plenitude sounds like 'plenty dude'. My friend was worried about my financial condition. I comforted him by saying, 'I have plenty, dude! I have plenitude.' So, plenitude means abundance and plenty.
The farm boasts a plenitude of animals and birds. A plenitude of food, air and sunlight is available in this village.
bitter conflict, discord, antagonism
The word strife can be memorised using the phrase 'struggle with your wife'. If you are struggling with your wife that means a conflict has happened.
concord, peace, truce
Somalia was torn by the civil strife. Diplomacy is the best way to end strife. It is always nice to not have strife.
pertaining to a child or childhood, childish, silly
The word puerile sounds like 'pure smile'. As we grow older, our smiles become cunning. Pure smiles are only there in childhood. So, the word puerile (pure smile) reminds me of childhood, especially childish activities.
Stop making puerile excuses. This is a puerile piece of writing. It was a rather puerile and absurd conversation.
use of too many words, wordy
The word verbose has been derived from the word 'verbal'. The word 'verbal' is related to speaking. Someone who speaks a lot is verbose.
Wherever possible, the code has been kept as straight forward as possible and rarely verbose.
a sovereign or political leader or activist who encourages or advocates aggression or warfare towards other nations or groups
The word warmonger can be memorized in hindi as 'war maangne waala'. So, warmonger is someone who wants war.
war hawk, war hound, jingoist
Hitler was a warmonger.
The word potent can be memorised as 'pot ant'. Imagine an ant lifting a heavy pot. If an ant can do that, it must be very powerful. So, potent means powerful and mighty.
robust, influential, strong
powerless, impotent, uninfluential
I want to make the anti corruption agency more potent. Methane is 25 times more potent than carbon dioxide as a greenhouse gas. Potent steroids should be used for short periods of time whilst mild steroids can be used for longer.
insight, shrewdness, mental sharpness
The word acumen sounds like 'a quick man'. The one who thinks very quickly. The one who is mentally very sharp.Hence Acumen means insightful and mental sharpness.
perspicacity, astuteness, acuity, ingenuity
bluntness, dullness, obtuseness, stupidity
Turning a life into a livelihood requires more than talent and business acumen. You aren't getting anywhere near the solution of this mathematical problem without some statistics acumen. Capable lawyers with business acumen are valuable to any firm.
alienation, disaffection, making unfriendly, to remove or keep at a distance
The word estrangement sounds like 'a strange man'. Imagine a person who has survived a serious accident, but whose face has been severely distorted. Wherever he goes, the children shout, 'A strange man. He must be an alien'. So, estrangement means alienation.
isolation, parting, dis-association
The growing estrangement of the police from their communities is a big concern. A parent's rights in the event of divorce or estrangement are decided by the court. The quarrel estranged the two friends. The necessity for travelling on business has estranged him from his family.
angry, enraged, furious
The word irate sounds like 'eye red'. Whenever a person becomes angry, his eyes become red. There is also a Hindi idiom for this: 'Gusse mein aankein laal ho jaana'. So, irate means angry or enraged.
ireful, angry, ballistic
delighted, pleased, happy, elated
I wrote an irate letter to the editor for publishing profane content in the newspaper. When she did not come from a party until midnight, her father became irate. Irate protesters damaged the transportation facilities of the government.
to increase over a period, natural growth, addition
The word accrue can be memorized as 'our crew'. Consider a situation where a ship company owner is addressing a shareholder meeting: 'We are making profits. Our crew is constantly increasing. We are growing'. So, accrue means to grow.
accumulate, augment, build up
I am still paying off debts accrued during the marriage of my daughter. Loyalty programs allow members to accrue points for money spent or trips taken with a particular company. Our most recent research suggests that you can accrue benefits even if you don't get the recommended dose.
to shorten without losing the meaning, to condense
The word abridged can be split into 'a' and 'bridge'. The travelling time between two places was cut short because of the construction of a bridge. So, abridge means to cut short.
cut-short, curtail, truncate
unabridged, uncut, elongate, protract
The articles have been abridged from the original stories. This book contains an abridged text of his speech. An abridged edition of a book is its condensed version.
a facial expression suggesting disgust,pain or disapproval
The word grimace can be memorised as 'grim face'. Grim face means a sad face, which suggests pain and disapproval.
She gave a grimace of pain. When you burn your finger, the grimace on your face sends a universal message. When we smile, frown or grimace, thousands of tiny facial muscles are at work. Sonya tried to hide her grimace as she tasted her little brother's brownies.
Revolutionary initiative. A self tutorial which enables the users to comprehend and learn difficult words easily and effectively. Every meaning is illustrated scientifically with its pronunciation, usage etc. Very instrumental for competitive exams aspirants and professionals as well.
This is actually very helpful to learn words fast. The pictures used are quite impressive and help students recall the meaning instantly when they see the word. Have recommended this book to a few students and have got positive reviews about it.
Very useful for exams such as CAT, GMAT, BANK PO and other competitive exams that require good vocabulary.
The catchy visuals and rhymes interspersed with a comic touch is an excellent way to help people remember new words. Kudos to the team.
School students, MBA aspirants, Job seekers, BPO employees and each one of us who wants to improve upon our English definitely have something to look forward to and learn from.
The mnemonic system used in this works more logically than any of the vocabulary book I have seen. I am very sure that by following this method, anyone can improve his vocabulary. I recommend this book to high school students, college students, business professionals, whoever wants to enhance his vocabulary.